Analysis of the SER/ESTAR opposition based on the origins and evolution of {st} saliencing : a submorphological and enactive approach.

  • Stéphan Pagès

Résumé

The theory of submorphemic saliencing has tried to show that the notion of « stability » is often expressed in Spanish through words that include the consonantal group {st}. However, this saliencing is the constitutive marker of the verb estar’s paradigm, generally associated with accidental or circumstantial existence with no essentialising projection, as opposed to the verb ser. Taking a diachronic and synchronic approach based on the signifier, this article aims to explain and understand this apparent contradiction, i.e. the systemic and semantic opposition between ser and estar (sedere/stare). The hypothesis defended in this study is that we are faced with a semantic opposition that can also be seen at the level of the signifiers, which are opposed in two different configurations offering an illustrative example of the motivation of the sign.

Biographie de l'auteur

Stéphan Pagès

Agrégé de l’université, Stéphane Pagès est professeur de linguistique hispanique à Aix-Marseille Université. Il est co-directeur de l’axe LICOLAR (LInguistique COmparée des LAngues Romanes) et l’essentiel de ses recherches porte sur l’analyse du discours de l’écrivain contemporain original, Julián Ríos (1941) – auteur de Larva (1983) –, ainsi que sur diverses questions de linguistique espagnole. Il a soutenu une Hdr (Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches) soutenue en décembre 2013 à l’Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle (Paris III) sur la motivation du signe et la cognématique.

Publiée
2017-11-20