Perspective taking in language: When bodily involvement impacts motion events’ descriptions
Speakers’ linguistic apprehension of the world tends to be circumscribed by the language they use, a language that mirrors speech habits, structured by lexical and morphosyntactic patterns. To this respect, when structuring the domain of space through language, English verbs and satellites foreground the action and background the purpose (swim across a river), whereas French linguistic features foreground the aim and background the act (traverser la rivière à la nage); both linguistic patterns giving hence precisions on the relationship held between the speaker and his body according to what is preferentially highlighted in the language used. These linguistic patterns illustrate the Talmian typology which opposes satellite-framed languages like English, to verb-framed languages like French. To further investigate this typology, distinguishing phrases structured differently to refer to motion events (Talmy, 2000) according to the type of language used, an experiment soliciting English and French spoken corpora aims at demonstrating whether the affiliation of a language to a specific language type (e.g. English as a satellite-framed language) determines or not the embedding of the language examined to this specific affiliation, once the speech is actually implemented in discursive contexts.
Auteur, A. 2015. « Les prépositions évaluées par le prisme du paradigme cognitif : vers une lecture enactive ». Corela, 13-2. URL: http://corela.revues.org/4111
Barsalou L. W. 2009. “Simulation, situated conceptualization, and prediction.” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 364, 1281–1289 10.1098/rstb.2008.0319
Berthoz, A. 2013. La Vicariance. Paris : Odile Jacob.
Berthoz, A. 1997. Le Sens du mouvement. Paris : Odile Jacob.
Beveridge M.E, and Pickering M.J. 2013 “Perspective taking in language: integrating the spatial and action domains”. Front Hum Neurosci. 17;7:577. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00577
Borghi A. M., Scorolli C. 2009. “Language comprehension and dominant hand motion simulation”. Hum. Mov. Sci. 28, 12–27 10.1016
Clark H. H., Wilkes-Gibbs D. 1986. “Referring as a collaborative process”. Cognition 22, 1–39 10.1016/0010-0277(86)90010-7
Decety J. 2002. “Neurophysiological evidence for simulation of action,” in Simulation and Knowledge of Action, eds Dokic J., Proust J., editors. Amsterdam: John Benjamins: 53-72.
Duran N. D., et al. 2011. “Listeners invest in an assumed other’s perspective despite cognitive cost.” Cognition 121, 22–40 10.1016/j.
Frith C. D., Frith U. 2007. “Social cognition in humans”. Curr. Biol. 17, R724–R73210.1016/j.cub.2007.05.068
Gallese V. Goldman A. 1998. “Mirror neurons and the mind-reading”. Trends Cogn. Sci. 2, 493–501 10.1016/s1364-6613(98)01262-5
Grèzes J., et al. 2003. “Activations related to “mirror” and “canonical” neurones in the human brain: an fMRI study”. Neuroimage 18, 928–937 10.1016/s1053-8119(03)00042-9
Kessler, K, and H. Rutherford, 2010. “The two forms of visuoo-spatial perspective taking are differently embodied by subserve different spatial prepositions”. Front Psychol. 1: 213. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00213
Kilner J. et al. 2003. “An interference effect of observed biological movement on action”. Curr. Biol. 13, 522–525 10.1016/s0960-9822(03)00165-9
Levinson S. C. 2003. Space and Language in Cognition: Explorations in Cognitive Diversity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Marino B. F. M., et al. 2012. “Language sensorimotor specificity modulates the motor system.” Cortex 48, 849–856 10.1016/j.cortex.2010.12.003
Matsumoto, Y. 1996. “How Abstract is Subjective Motion? A Comparison of Coverage Path Expressions and Acces Path Expressions”. In A. Goldberg. Conceptual Structures, Discourse and language. CSLI Publications, 359-373.
Meteyard L., et al. 2012. “Coming of age: a review of embodiment and the neuroscience of semantics”. Cortex 48, 788–804 10.1016/j.
Pecher D., et al. 2009. “Language comprehenders retain implied shape and orientation of objects.” Q. J. Exp. Psychol. (Hove) 62, 1108–1114 10.1080/17470210802633255
Prinz W., Hommel B. (Eds.). 2002. Common Mechanisms in Perception and Action: Attention and Performance XIV. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pulvermüller F. 2005. “Brain mechanisms linking language and action”. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 6, 576–582 10.1038/nrn1706.
Slobin, Dan I. 1996a. “From ‘thought to language’ to ‘thinking for speaking.”. In J.J. Gumperz and S. C. Levinson (eds). Rethinking Linguistic Relativity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 70-96.
Slobin, Dan I. 2004. “The many ways to search for a frog: Linguistic typology and the expression of motion events”. In S. Strömqvist and L. Verhoeven (eds.) Relating Events in Narrative: Vol.2. Typological and Contextual Perspectives. Mahwah, N. J: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers, 219-257.
Talmy, L. 2000a. Toward a cognitive semantics: Concept Structuring Systems. Volume.1. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Tomasello M., et al.1998. “Five primate species follow the visual gaze of conspecifics”. Anim. Behav. 55, 1063–106910.1006/anbe.1997.0636
Tversky B. 1991. “Spatial mental models”. The Psychology of learning and motivation, Vol. 27.
Tversky B., Hard B. M. 2009. “Embodied and disembodied cognition: spatial perspective-taking.” Cognition 110, 124–12910.1016/j.cognition.2008.10.008
Watson M. E., et al. 2004. “Alignment of reference frames in dialogue,” in Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum).
Wu L., Barsalou L. W. 2009. “Perceptual simulation in conceptual combination: evidence from property generation.” Acta Psychol. (Amst) 132, 173–189 10.1016/j.actpsy.2009.02.002
Zwaan R. A. 2008. “Time in language, situation models, and mental simulations”. Lang. Learn. 58, 13–26 10.1111/j.1467-9922.2008.00458.x
Zwaan R. A., Taylor L. J. 2006. “Seeing, acting, understanding: motor resonance in language comprehension.” J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 135, 1–11 10.1037/0096-34126.96.36.199